Only days before President Donald Trump visits Jerusalem, Israeli politicians describe an atmosphere of "nervousness" and "confusion". But with mounting obstacles at home and overseas, he faces long odds of succeeding where more experienced predecessors have failed. But Trump appeared to back off on his promise early in his presidency, and the White House told reporters last week that the president is still undecided on the issue.
"It is doubtful whether Trump was familiar with the complexities of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, but within four months in office he too has understood that there is really no other solution than two states for two peoples".
Israel also has expressed concern about the $110 billion arms sale to Saudi Arabia that Trump announced Saturday in Riyadh.
After the presidential envoy, Jason Greenblatt, met Arab foreign ministers at an Arab League summit in March to discuss Israeli-Palestinian peace prospects, Trump met with Mr. Abbas and repeated his pledge to work for a peace deal. "It's a topic that's going to be discussed during the president's trip between the parties that he meets with", Spicer said. Top advisers he has tasked with nuts-and-bolts negotiations, led by his son-in-law Jared Kushner, are also lacking experience.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu challenged US concerns over moving the American embassy to Jerusalem, in what Haaretz newspaper called his "first public dispute" with the Trump administration.
"We don't think it would be wise to do it at the time", the official said, adding that the administration would still eventually like the embassy to move. -Israeli relations, explaining the lack of official Israeli criticism.
Bar-Joseph, the writer, said: "I won't say they won't share secrets anymore, but when it comes to the most sensitive information, there will be a second thought".
Trump has reportedly asked Netanyahu to slow Israeli settlement building activity in the West Bank, but the US president has appointed a pro-settlement envoy to Israel, and the White House has failed to denounce plans for new units.
Both Trump and Friedman have said that they do not consider settlement construction to be an obstacle to peace. "This isn't how we would expect Israel to treat an ally that constantly supports it, especially in this friendly administration", an official was quoted as saying.
Carter also said he believed that the USA "should have communication with (North Koreans) and still insist on the overall compliance, even by North Korea, of the basic principles of peace and human rights".
It looks unlikely Trump will manage to get Netanyahu and Abbas to shake hands during his 28-hour visit to the Holy Land, and the prospects of him setting a timetable for a resumption of peace talks also look dim.
"President Trump promised to move the embassy to Jerusalem, and as recently as two weeks ago, Vice President Mike Pence told Christian and Jewish leaders [who] gathered at the White House to celebrate Israel's Independence Day that President Trump was "seriously considering" moving the embassy to Jerusalem", Staver said. Again it has been proven that the worldwide community will not recognize the occupied territories' annexation, no matter how much time passes and who's in power. Israel views Jerusalem as its undivided capital and such a move would be a show of support for the right-wing Israeli government's claim to the city.
He cast uncertainty over years of worldwide efforts to foster a two-state solution when he met Netanyahu at the White House in February.
Khalil Shikaki, director of the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, a group that tracks Palestinian and Israeli public sentiment, said Palestinians at ground level have a similar attitude.
Since his remarks during the Abbas visit and especially since it was announced that Trump would visit Israel during his first worldwide trip as president less than four months after taking office - his predecessors Obama and Bush both visited Israel during their second term - there has been speculation about whether the president would use his Israel trip to officially re-launch the stalled U.S. initiative to broker a peace deal between Israelis and Palestinians.
Some Gulf Arab diplomats have floated the notion of making a positive gesture toward Israel, possibly a limited upgrading of diplomatic and economic ties, in exchange for up-front concessions to the Palestinians.
Netanyahu and his far-right coalition partners will attempt to suck the air out of Trump's new push, but Republicans control both houses of Congress in Washington, and will throw their weight behind the president, at least for now.
"The president may be right, this is the ultimate deal", he said, "but it's definitely not just around the corner".
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