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Malaysia among top 10 HIV cases in Asia a year ago

24 Juillet 2017

Medicine syringe for a baby. Malawi, Mozambique, Uganda and Zimbabwe have gone further, cutting new HIV infections by 40 percent or more since 2010.

The report also showed that globally, 30 percent of people with HIV still do not know their status, 17.1 million are unable to access Accessing Antiretroviral Therapy and more than half are not virally suppressed.

The child, who has been infected with the virus since birth, has had a healthy immune system after receiving a year of treatment in early life.

"To me, this is a step in the direction we've been leaning for some time", says Anthony Fauci at the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in Maryland.

Researchers hope by putting HIV-positive babies on treatment as soon as possible‚ some may be able to stop treatment for a period of time. After ten months of treatment, levels of HIV in her blood went from "very high" to undetectible.

The child from MS was given treatment just a day after they were born and HIV remained undetectable until 27 months afterwards.

Globally, government donor funding for HIV dropped a year ago to the lowest level since 2010 - from US$7.5 billion (6.4 billion euros) in 2015 to $7 billion, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF), a California-based health policy NGO.

Although HIV can not be detected in the child's body, it has been detected in their immune cells. But her case brought to light the possibility of viral suppression in children and led to the funding of other research into the phenomenon. The scientists detected a reservoir of virus integrated into a tiny proportion of immune cells, but otherwise found no evidence of HIV infection.

Over the years, only few HIV patients have been able to attain drug-free remission with the help of anti-retroviral drugs. So some researchers have been aiming for the next best thing - long-term remission, when the immune system can control HIV without drugs even if signs of the virus remain.

Dr Michael Brady, Medical Director of Terrence Higgins Trust, said: "The history of HIV therapy has been one of constant evolution, to produce an increasing range of effective treatments".

The girl does not have "elite controller" DNA, said the study authors. Dr. Tiemessen is head of cell biology at the Centre of HIV and STIs of the National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) in Johannesburg. The treatment was stopped sometime between the age of five and seven.

"So we have this situation in South Africa where men are generally left behind".

Speaking at the 9th International Aids Society of HIV science conference in Paris, France, on Sunday, Ms Deborah Birx, an American physician and diplomat who now serves as Ambassador-at-Large and as United States Global AIDS Coordinator, said the USA is committed to ensuring that HIV, tuberculosis and malaria are eradicated. That's 53 percent of all infections worldwide. News releases, fact sheets and other NIAID-related materials are available on the NIAID website.

Malaysia among top 10 HIV cases in Asia a year ago