Tens of thousands gathered at the frontier on Monday, some of them approaching Israel's border fence - a line Israeli leaders vowed Palestinians would not be allowed to breach.
The huge outpouring of anger on Monday was timed to mark the inauguration of the new U.S. embassy, which has moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem - East Jerusalem is where the Palestinians plan to locate the capital of their future state.
The Israeli army said in a statement its forces were "responding with riot dispersal means and fire, and are operating according to standard operating procedures" in response to "10,000 violent rioters".
At least six other children were among the dead on Monday.
In a statement on Monday night, the party also called for the expulsion of the Israeli mission "to our country as an example to the whole world that a relationship to Israel is complicity with its racist aggression on Palestinians".
The embassy inauguration followed Trump's December 6 recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
This has been fought over for centuries. And the truth is that Jerusalem has been, and always will be, the capital of the Jewish people, the capital of the Jewish state'.
This is, of course, an global story, but it's also deeply personal here, too.
Meanwhile, in Jerusalem, senior US officials and Israeli government leaders gathered for a ceremony marking the relocation of the USA embassy. "I called my cousin and her son, he was shot in the leg and he was in a bad situation", said El Najjar, standing on the steps of the embassy. "We are observing the situation minute by minute".
Palestinian protests are also planned for today. "We can't live without it".
"These are 2 million Palestinians that live in the most crowded area in the world", Palestinian-American Anas Amireh said.
"It's so simple, it's not magic", he said.
United States presidents will continue to come and go, but the Palestinian people will live on despite attempts to deny their existence, the justice of their cause and the need to end their 70 years of suffering inflicted by their victimisers, who once upon a time were victims of a similar suffering.
"They're not hiding the ball here", he said.
- Google cutting paid storage prices
- Ernesto Valverde ANGRY after seeing unbeaten record end
- Lee finishes 7th at Players Championship
- Boss Pep Guardiola: City will look to come back stronger next year
- RAGE 2 Gets its First Gameplay Trailer, where Insanity rules the World
- The Seattle-Amazon tax fight is a lose-lose for everyone
- Palestinians killed, 1204 injured in Gaza protests
- Antonio Conte Optimistic About Future Despite Top 4 Failure
- Marquee race for governor leads Pennsylvania primary ballot
- Avengers: Infinity War smashes superhero box office record with £60m takings